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As the spring power development powers it, the chronograph can make the grade regarding tenths of a moment for twelve hours. The chronograph, in view of the new innovation is a great deal more exact in measuring the time than different chronographs.

In light of the creative Spring drive innovation, the watch has all the more high quality, execution, and unwavering quality, which makes it usable to perform distinctive specialized capacities superior to anything different watches. The Spring power watch is exact, precise, has programmed development, and the creative capacity of force hold that implies that the battery does not should be changed.

Losing Weight and Keeping it Off

Anyone who has tried to lose weight and keep it off knows how difficult the task can be.

It seems like it should be simple: Just exercise to burn more calories and reduce your calorie intake.
But many studies have shown that this simple strategy doesn’t work very well for the vast majority of people.
A dramatic example of the challenges of maintaining weight loss comes from a recent National Institutes of Health study. The researchers followed 14 contestants who had participated in the “World’s Biggest Loser” reality show. During the 30 weeks of the show, the contestants lost an average of over 125 pounds per person.
But in the six years after the show, all but one gained back most of their lost weight, despite continuing to diet and exercise.
Why is it so hard to lose weight and keep it off? Weight loss often leads to declines in our resting metabolic rate — how many calories we burn at rest, which makes it hard to keep the weight off.
So why does weight loss make resting metabolism go down, and is there a way to maintain a normal resting metabolic rate after weight loss? As someone who studies musculo-skeletal physiology, I will try to answer these questions.
Activating muscles deep in the leg that help keep blood and fluid moving through our bodies is essential to maintaining resting metabolic rate when we are sitting or standing quietly. The function of these muscles, called soleus muscles, is a major research focus for us in the Clinical Science and Engineering Research Center at Binghamton University. Commonly called “secondary hearts,” these muscles pump blood back to our heart, allowing us to maintain our normal rate of metabolic activity during sedentary activities.

Resting metabolism and weight maintenance

Resting metabolic rate (RMR) refers to all of the biochemical activity going on in your body when you are not physically active. It is this metabolic activity that keeps you alive and breathing, and very importantly, warm.
Quiet sitting at room temperature is the standard RMR reference point; this is referred to as one metabolic equivalent, or MET. A slow walk is about two MET, bicycling four MET, and jogging seven MET. While we need to move around a bit to complete the tasks of daily living, in modern life we tend not to move very much. Thus, for most people, 80 percent of the calories we expend each day are due to RMR.
When you lose weight, your RMR should fall a small amount, as you are losing some muscle tissue. But when most of the weight loss is fat, we would expect to see only a small drop in RMR, as fat is not metabolically very active. What is surprising is that relatively large drops in RMR are quite common among individuals who lose body fat through diet or exercise.
The “World’s Biggest Loser” contestants, for example, experienced a drop in their resting metabolic rate of almost 30 percent even though 80 percent of their weight loss was due to fat loss. A simple calculation shows that making up for such a large drop in RMR would require almost two hours a day of brisk walking, seven days a week, on top of a person’s normal daily activities. Most people cannot fit this activity level into their lifestyle.
There’s no question that eating a balanced diet and regular exercise are good for you, but from a weight management perspective, increasing your resting metabolic rate may be the more effective strategy for losing weight and maintaining that lost weight.

The connection between RMR and your heart

Metabolic activity is dependent on oxygen delivery to the tissues of the body. This occurs through blood flow. As a result, cardiac output is a primary determinant of metabolic activity.
How to optimize your lunchtime workout

The adult body contains about four to five liters of blood, and all of this blood should circulate throughout the body every minute or so. However, the amount of blood the heart can pump out with each beat is dependent on how much blood is returned to the heart between beats.
If the “plumbing” of our body, our veins in particular, was made of rigid pipes, and the skin of our legs was tough like that of bird legs, cardiac outflow would always equal cardiac inflow, but this is not the case. The veins in our body are are quite flexible and can expand many times their resting size, and our soft skin also allows lower body volume expansion.
As a result, when we are sitting quietly, blood and interstitial fluid (the fluid which surrounds all the cells in our body) pools in the lower parts of the body. This pooling significantly reduces the amount of fluid returning to the heart, and correspondingly, reduces how much fluid the heart can pump out during each contraction. This reduces cardiac output, which dictates a reduced RMR.
Our research has shown that for typical middle-aged women, cardiac output will drop about 20 percent when sitting quietly. For individuals who have recently lost weight, the fluid pooling situation can be greater because their skin is now much looser, providing much more space for fluids to pool. This is especially the case for people experiencing rapid weight loss, as their skin has not had time to contract.

Raising metabolic activity

For young, healthy individuals, this pooling of fluid when sitting is limited because specialized muscles in the calves of the legs — the soleus muscles — pump blood and interstitial fluid back up to heart. This is why soleus muscles are often referred to as our “secondary hearts.” However, our modern, sedentary lifestyles mean that our secondary hearts tend to weaken, which permits excessive fluid pooling into the lower body. This situation is now commonly referred to as “sitting disease.”
Moreover, excessive fluid pooling can create a vicious cycle. Fluid pooling reduces RMR, and reduced RMR means less body heat generation, which results in a further drop in body temperature; people with low RMR often have persistently cold hands and feet. As metabolic activity is strongly dependent on tissue temperature, RMR will therefore fall even more. Just a 1 degree Fahrenheit drop in body temperature can produce a 7 percent drop in RMR.
One logical, though expensive, approach to reduce fluid pooling after weight loss would be to undergo cosmetic surgery to remove excess skin to eliminate the fluid pooling space created by the weight loss. Indeed, a recent study has confirmed that people who had body contouring surgery after losing large amounts of weight due to gastric banding surgery had better long-term control of their body mass index than people who did not have body contouring surgery.

What can you do?

A much more convenient approach to maintaining RMR during and after weight loss is to train up your secondary hearts, or soleus muscles. The soleus muscles are deep postural muscles and so only require low-intensity, but long-duration, training.
Perhaps the best strategy for training up the soleus muscles is to practice squatting. Squatting is how our primitive ancestors sat and how many people in third world countries currently “sit” without the use of chairs. Squatting to any degree triggers a significant increase in soleus muscle activity (PDF). Moreover, if you can learn to perform a full squat, you can maintain that position for extended periods of time, resulting in well-trained soleus muscles.
For those who find squatting difficult, a number of tasks and exercises that require extended balancing activity provide similar training for your soleus muscles. For example, working on a ladder forces you to stand on your toes for extended time periods. And both yoga and tai chi incorporate long-duration balance exercises that serve to strengthen the soleus muscles. The heel raise exercises recommended by airlines as a means to reduce the risk of developing deep vein thromboses (DVT) on long distance flights are also a form of soleus muscle exercise.
Alternatively, if squatting or long-duration balance exercises do not fit into your lifestyle, passive exercise devices will stimulate those muscles as you sit are available. (Full disclosure: Binghamton University has licensed technology to a company, which I have shares in and consult for, to commercialize such a device.) The concept here is that specific mechanical vibrations can be used to activate receptors on the sole of the foot, which trigger a postural reflex arc, which in turn causes the soleus muscles to undergo reflex contractions.
In a study of 54 women between the ages of 18 and 65 years, we found that 24 had secondary heart insufficiency leading to excessive fluid pooling in the legs, and for these women, this type of soleus muscle stimulation was found to reverse fluid pooling. The ability to prevent or reverse fluid pooling, allowing individuals to maintain cardiac output, should, in theory, help these individuals maintain RMR while sedentary.
Recent, unpublished, work shows that by reversing fluid pooling, cardiac output can be raised back to normal levels. These study results also indicate that by raising cardiac output back to normal resting levels, RMR returns to normal levels while individuals are sitting quietly.

Fast Loss Of Weight With Hoodia Diet Pills

When discussing appetite suppression and fast weight loss, one’s first thought might not be the deserts of South Africa. However, the native San tribesmen knew the secrets of the Kalahari Desert long before celebrities like talk show host Oprah Winfrey began to take notice. Since then, it has caught on like wildfire across America and around the world.

Hood Gordon ii is a dietary supplement containing extract from a rare cactus in the tribal region and has received tremendous media attention for its fast results. Also referred to as chooba, hob, Gap, Hood cactus, South African desert cactus or Hood, the product has created quite a stir in America since a 60 Minutes news special brought it to the forefront of mainstream consciousness.

Scientific research has proven that Hood Gordon ii has a drastic effect on suppressing the appetite. It can really trick the mind into believing the belly is full! Hood’s simple formula puts a stop to overeating and mindless snacking. By decreasing food intake, Hood users will experience the side benefits of increased metabolism and energy boosts. As for the pill itself, it has no known negative side effects.

Another Hood product currently on the market – Hood liquid – has been shown to burn fat even faster than the Hood solid pill. Best of all are the completely natural ingredients. There is no Phedra, there is no ephedrine and there is no ma Huang. It is just the extract the San desert tribe have been using for hundreds of years to fight hunger during long hunting trips across South African terrain. They would also use the extract for physical afflictions like severe abdominal cramps, hemorrhoids, tuberculosis, indigestion and hypertension.

It takes about five years before Hood is ripe for harvest. There are actually about 20 different types of Hood in the desert region, but Hood Gordon ii is the only type thought to have the natural appetite suppressant ability. South African scientists worked with a British pharmaceutical company, Deform, to isolate the active ingredient in Hood, a steroidal glucose dubbed “p57”. Patented in 1995, p57
was licensed to Deform, the makers of Hood phentermine pills. That company has invested more than $20 million of research into its product. Altogether, more than 30 years of research have gone into the product. Weight loss options on the market today are vast and diverse, but many consumers have clearly shown their preference for Hood because of its all-natural ingredients and fast results.

Dietetic Internship

 

Program description

Dietetics in Rochester

Mayo School of Health Sciences offers an 11-month Dietetic Internship at Mayo Clinic’s campus in Rochester, Minnesota, that provides comprehensive clinical knowledge and skills that enable practitioners to deliver complete nutrition services.

This internship’s mission is to provide high-quality training that prepares diet and nutrition graduates to enter the field as competent entry-level practitioners who participate in professional activities and have expertise in medical nutrition therapy.

The Dietetic Internship has an emphasis on medical nutrition therapy due to the high acuity level and complexity of care required by our patient population.

Program goals

  1. Prepare competent entry-level practitioners who can practice in a variety of positions.Objectives:
    • Over a five-year period, the pass rate for Dietetic Internship graduates taking the registration examination for the first time will be at least 85 percent.
    • Eighty-five percent of interns will complete all program requirements within 150 percent of the time planned for completion (17 months).
    • Over a five-year period, 70 percent or more of Dietetic Internship graduates who seek employment in dietetics will be employed within 12 months of program completion.
    • Over a five-year period, at least 80 percent of employers will rank graduates as well-prepared for their first professional position.
  2. Prepare dietitians with knowledge and skills in medical nutrition therapy.Objectives:
    • Over a five-year period, at least 80 percent of employers of graduates in entry-level clinical dietitian positions will rank graduates as competent.
    • Over a five-year period, at least 80 percent of graduates in entry-level clinical dietitian positions will rank themselves as competent.
  3. Prepare graduates who recognize the need to continue their education and participate in professional and community organizations.Objectives:
    • Each intern will attend a minimum of three local dietetic association meetings or continuing education opportunities during the program.
    • Over a five-year period, at least 80 percent of graduates will continue their education and/or be involved in one or more professional or community organization.

Gainful employment disclosure report

The Department of Education requires disclosure of student debt and employment information to assist students in making informed decisions prior to enrolling in this education program.

Accreditation

The Dietetic Internship is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics (ACEND) of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

See accreditation information for Mayo Clinic College of Medicine.

Facilities

Mayo Clinic’s campus in Rochester, Minnesota, includes an extensive outpatient complex, Mayo Clinic Hospital — Rochester, and substantial research and education facilities.

This Mayo Clinic site is among the largest, most advanced medical centers in the world.

Primarily, education for this internship is conducted at Mayo Clinic Hospital, Saint Marys Campus, a 1,265-bed facility that was founded in 1889. Within the Saint Marys Campus is the 85-bed Mayo Eugenio Litta Children’s Hospital. Interns also have rotations at Mayo Clinic outpatient facilities and Mayo Clinic Hospital, Methodist Campus.

Graduation and certification

Upon successful completion of the 1,604 supervised practice hours, interns receive a certificate of completion from Mayo School of Health Sciences and a verification statement that allows them to take the professional registration exam administered by the Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR).

Hours

For the majority of the internship, the learning schedule includes eight-hour days, five days a week. While the regular workweek is usually 40 hours, additional projects and homework are assigned.

The program is a full-time commitment for class and clinical work. Interns work primarily weekdays. However, they may be required to work three to four weekends and holidays throughout the year as established for learning experiences. Hours vary depending on the work experience.

No credit is given for previous work experience.

Class size

Each year, Mayo School of Health Sciences admits eight students to its Dietetic Internship at Mayo Clinic’s campus in Rochester. This ensures close one-on-one instruction and a comprehensive educational experience.

The Truth about Exercise

The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) recently discharged its new Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, calling for grown-ups between the ages of 18 and 64 to practice decently, (for example, lively strolling or water high impact exercise) for no less than two hours and 30 minutes or energetically (running, swimming, or cycling 10 mph or quicker) for 60 minutes and 15 minutes week after week.

The more drawn out, harder and all the more frequently you work out, the more prominent the medical advantages, including lessening the danger of maladies, for example, malignancy and diabetes, as per the suggestions, which depended on 10 years of logical research.

Thinks about have demonstrated that individuals who participate in the measure of practice prescribed by the feds experience a normal of three to seven years longer than love seat potatoes, as per William Haskell, a therapeutic educator at Stanford University who led the HHS consultative board. Be that as it may, how precisely does practice fulfill this? What’s more, shouldn’t something be said about cases by naysayers that practice isn’t sound as well as may really be awful for you? Is there any truth to them?

The heart and veins are worked out too hard if you have a pear shaped body.

In the previous decade or something like that, different studies including a huge number of members have demonstrated that workouts bring down the danger of coronary illness. “Practice favorably affects essentially all hazard elements of cardiovascular illness,” says Jonathan Meyers, a wellbeing research researcher at the Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health System in California. The reason, he says: when a man activities, the heart muscle contracts mightily and as often as possible, expanding blood course through the corridors. This prompts to unobtrusive changes in the autonomic sensory system, which controls the withdrawal and unwinding of these vessels. This calibrating prompts to a lower resting heart rate (less thumps to pump blood through the body), bring down circulatory strain and a more factor heart rate, all variables that lower the danger of creating cardiovascular illness, he says.

Meyers says that practice likewise restricts irritation connected with heart inconvenience, for example, arteriosclerosis or solidifying of the supply routes around the heart, which may prompt to heart assaults. Numerous late studies have concentrated on C-responsive protein, a marker of irritation. Meyers says that exploration demonstrated that inactive people who set out on three-to six-month practice programs, all things considered, encountered a 30 percent dunk in their C-receptive protein levels – about an indistinguishable drop from somebody given a statin (a cholesterol and aggravation bringing down medication). As such, in many individuals, practice may be as compelling as a Rx in packing down irritation, one of the key hazard elements for cardiovascular infection.

Practice additionally helps cardiovascular wellbeing by diminishing the measure of plasma triglycerides—greasy atoms in the blood that are connected with plaque develop in the corridors—notes Haskell. Besides, includes, physical movement lessens the molecule size of low-thickness lipoprotein (LDL) or supposed awful cholesterol in the blood, and increment measures of high-thickness lipoprotein (HDL), otherwise known as great cholesterol, which means less conduit obstructing.

However, practice might not have a similar impact on each individual’s cardiovascular framework, notes Arthur Leon, boss cardiologist at the University of Minnesota’s Heart Disease Prevention Clinic in Minneapolis. “All things considered, there is a reaction however there is extraordinary inconstancy, and that changeability keeps running in families,” he says. Take, for instance, HDL cholesterol. Most wide studies demonstrate physical practice prompts to up to a 5 percent expansion in HDL levels, however a nearer examination demonstrates that the rates shift from zero to 25 percent, contingent upon the study subject, he says, taking note of that lone about portion of the populace appear to experience HDL increments as an aftereffect of work out.

Less tumor

A few studies (counting the progressing government National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) taking after thousands subjects for quite a while, demonstrate that customary practice brings down the hazard for specific growths, especially bosom and colon tumor, says Demetrius Albanes, an analyst at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Md. Researchers have yet to pinpoint the systems included however have thought of a few conceivable clarifications.

“Physical action helpfully influences body weight,” says Albanes, taking note of that leaner individuals have bring down flowing levels of insulin, a hormone created by the pancreas that helps cells retain glucose, their essential vitality source. Fat and overweight individuals, will probably create insulin resistance, a condition in which the cells no longer react to the hormone and retain glucose. At the point when this happens, the pancreas produces more prominent adds up to adjust, flooding the circulatory system with insulin; large amounts of insulin in the blood have been connected to [some sorts of] malignancy. “Insulin is basically a development hormone,” Albanes says. “Insulin could make new tumors by expanding rates of cell division, or it could simply make little tumors develop.”

Albanes says that practice may likewise avoid tumor and different infections since it seems to amplify the body’s safe framework. Practice may likewise decrease levels of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone in the blood, conceivably additionally bringing down the danger of creating bosom and uterine diseases connected to elevated amounts of those hormones.

In spite of the evident connection between physical practice and lower chances of malignancy, Albanes recognizes that there could be different variables at work. “[Because] the majority of these studies are not controlled trials, it could be some other way of life component [that clarifies the lower tumor risk], ” he says, taking note of that individuals who practice may likewise eat more advantageous eating methodologies.

Constructs solid bones

Robert Recker, an endocrinologist and ebb and flow president of the National Osteoporosis Foundation in Washington, D.C., says look into shows that direct practice increments and keeps up bone mass and diminishes the danger of osteoporosis. “The most convincing confirmation,” he says, “is that on the off chance that you don’t do anything, your crack hazard is much more noteworthy.”

Like muscles, bones get to be more grounded when compelled to endure more weight than ordinary. “The skeleton is a shrewd basic organ and knows how much load [force] is being put on it,” Recker says. “Get a bucket of water, and you’re stacking your arm, your shoulder, your spine, your legs and your hips.” That implies muscles are contracting, applying powers on the bones supporting those body parts. This constrain empowers the issue that remains to be worked out or even form new tissue. Be that as it may, researchers have yet to make sense of why. “That is a concentration,” he says, “of staggeringly forceful research.”

Recker says that specialists guess, notwithstanding, that it needs to do with practice activating osteocytes (the most develop bone cells) to teach bone-building cells called osteoblasts to expand bone arrangement.

Averts diabetes

As per Gerald Shulman, a cell and sub-atomic physiologist at Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, Conn., practicing may anticipate and even turn around sort 2 diabetes.

Diabetes sort 2 is an infection in which the body starts to overlook or neglects to create enough insulin (a condition called insulin resistance). In the event that muscles and different tissues can’t ingest glucose from the blood, nerve and vein harm results, preparing for coronary illness, stroke and contaminations.

“We’ve demonstrated that in insulin-safe people… develop of fat prompts to biochemical responses that meddle with the glucose-transport system [leading cells to obstruct the movement of insulin],” Shulman says. Be that as it may, physical movement inverts this procedure. He takes note of that when somebody runs, cycles or does different lively work out, muscle withdrawals increase creation of adenosine monophosphate-enacted protein kinase (AMPK), a compound that advances the breakdown of the fats meddling with the cells’ glucose transporters.

“It is likely that there are contrasts in the degree to which people react to work out, similarly as there are in reactions to drugs,” says Ronald Sigal, a clinical disease transmission specialist at the Ottawa Health Research Institute in Canada. Leon concurs, indicating research exhibiting that practice prompts to differing diminishes on instinctive muscle to fat ratio ratios (the fat encompassing organs), one of the key hazard components for creating sort 2 diabetes.

What makes you more quick witted?  A fad diet like the 3 day diet, or eating smart throughout your life

Specialists have since quite a while ago trusted that practice helps smarts yet there was no hard logical confirmation until a couple of years back. Presently, says Fernando Gomez-Pinilla, a neurosurgery educator at the University of California, Los Angeles, it’s realized that practice expands levels of a few atoms in the mind that are essential for perception.

One such concoction is cerebrum inferred neurotrophic figure (BDNF), a particle that advances the development and survival of mind cells and also correspondence between them. Concentrates on in rats demonstrate that physical practice supports BDNF levels in the hippocampus, a mind structure basic for learning and memory arrangement, which thusly helps them recollect how to explore their way through submerged labyrinths. “The more work out, the more changes in the mind; we discovered just about a direct relationship,” Gomez-Pinilla says. “In the event that we hinder the BDNF quality, we obstruct this limit of practice to help learning and memory.”

Various studies recommend that wellness upgrades perception in people too. A randomized clinical trial distributed as of late in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that individuals 50 years and more established with memory issues scored higher on intellectual tests following a six-month workout regimen. Those study members relegated to practice programs scored 20 percent higher than their stationary associates toward the end of the six months, and kept up a 10 percent edge one year after the trial finished.

Is Physical Law an Alien Intelligence?

Perhaps Arthur C. Clarke was being uncharacteristically unambitious. He once pointed out that any sufficiently advanced technology is going to be indistinguishable from magic. If you dropped in on a bunch of Paleolithic farmers with your iPhone and a pair of sneakers, you’d undoubtedly seem pretty magical. But the contrast is only middling: The farmers would still recognize you as basically like them, and before long they’d be taking selfies. But what if life has moved so far on that it doesn’t just appear magical, but appears like physics?

After all, if the cosmos holds other life, and if some of that life has evolved beyond our own waypoints of complexity and technology, we should be considering some very extreme possibilities. Today’s futurists and believers in a machine “singularity” predict that life and its technological baggage might end up so beyond our ken that we wouldn’t even realize we were staring at it. That’s quite a claim, yet it would neatly explain why we have yet to see advanced intelligence in the cosmos around us, despite the sheer number of planets it could have arisen on—the so-called Fermi Paradox.

Scharf_BR_nebula

For example, if machines continue to grow exponentially in speed and sophistication, they will one day be able to decode the staggering complexity of the living world, from its atoms and molecules all the way up to entire planetary biomes. Presumably life doesn’t have to be made of atoms and molecules, but could be assembled from any set of building blocks with the requisite complexity. If so, a civilization could then transcribe itself and its entire physical realm into new forms. Indeed, perhaps our universe is one of the new forms into which some other civilization transcribed its world.

These possibilities might seem wholly untestable, because part of the conceit is that sufficiently advanced life will not just be unrecognizable as such, but will blend completely into the fabric of what we’ve thought of as nature. But viewed through the warped bottom of a beer glass, we can pick out a few cosmic phenomena that—at crazy as it sounds—might fit the requirements.

Sapolsky_TH-F1

For example, only about 5 percent of the mass-energy of the universe consists of ordinary matter: the protons, neutrons, and electrons that we’re composed of. A much larger 27 percent is thought to be unseen, still mysterious stuff. Astronomical evidence for this dark, gravitating matter is convincing, albeit still not without question. Vast halos of dark matter seem to lurk around galaxies, providing mass that helps hold things together via gravity. On even larger scales, the web-like topography traced by luminous gas and stars also hints at unseen mass.

Cosmologists usually assume that dark matter has no microstructure. They think it consists of subatomic particles that interact only via gravity and the weak nuclear force and therefore slump into tenuous, featureless swathes. They have arguments to support this point of view, but of course we don’t really know for sure. Some astronomers, noting subtle mismatches between observations and models, have suggested that dark matter has a richer inner life. At least some component may comprise particles that interact with one another via long-range forces. It may seem dark to us, but have its own version of light that our eyes cannot see.

Scharf_BR_spot

In that case, dark matter could contain real complexity, and perhaps it is where all technologically advanced life ends up or where most life has always been. What better way to escape the nasty vagaries of supernova and gamma-ray bursts than to adopt a form that is immune to electromagnetic radiation? Upload your world to the huge amount of real estate on the dark side and be done with it.

If you’re a civilization that has learned how to encode living systems in different substrates, all you need to do is build a normal-matter-to-dark-matter data-transfer system: a dark-matter 3D printer. Perhaps the mismatch of astronomical models and observations is evidence not just of self-interacting dark matter, but of dark matter that is being artificially manipulated.

Or to take this a step further, perhaps the behavior of normal cosmic matter that we attribute to dark matter is brought on by something else altogether: a living state that manipulates luminous matter for its own purposes. Consider that at present we have neither identified the dark-matter particles nor come up with a compelling alternative to our laws of physics that would account for the behavior of galaxies and clusters of galaxies. Would an explanation in terms of life be any less plausible than a failure of established laws?

Part of the fabric of the universe is a product of intelligence.

The universe does other funky and unexpected stuff. Notably, it began to expand at an accelerated rate about 5 billion years ago. This acceleration is conventionally chalked up to dark energy. But cosmologists don’t know why the cosmic acceleration began when it did. In fact, one explanation with a modicum of traction is that the timing has to do with life—an anthropic argument. The dark energy didn’t become significant until enough time had gone by for life to take hold on Earth. For many cosmologists, that means our universe must be part of a vast multiverse where the strength of dark energy varies from place to place. We live in one of the places suitable for life like us. Elsewhere, dark energy is stronger and blows the universe apart too quickly for cosmic structures to form and life to take root.

But perhaps there is another reason for the timing coincidence: that dark energy is related to the activities of living things. After all, any very early life in the universe would have already experienced 8 billion years of evolutionary time by the time expansion began to accelerate. It’s a stretch, but maybe there’s something about life itself that affects the cosmos, or maybe those well-evolved denizens decided to tinker with the expansion.

Scharf_BR_artwork

There are even possible motivations for that action. Life absorbs low-entropy energy (such as visible light from the sun), does useful work with that energy, and dumps higher-entropy energy back into the universe as waste heat. But if the surrounding universe ever got too warm—too filled with thermal refuse—things would stagnate. Luckily we live in an expanding and constantly cooling cosmos. What better long-term investment by some hypothetical life 5 billion years ago than to get the universe to cool even faster? To be sure, it may come to rue its decision: Hundreds of billions of years later the accelerating expansion would dilute matter so quickly that civilizations would run out of fresh sources of energy. Also, an accelerating universe does not cool forever, but eventually approaches a floor in temperature.

One idea for the mechanism of an accelerating cosmic expansion is called quintessence, a relative of the Higgs field that permeates the cosmos. Perhaps some clever life 5 billion years ago figured out how to activate that field. How? Beats me, but it’s a thought-provoking idea, and it echoes some of the thinking of cosmologist Freeman Dyson’s famous 1979 paper “Time Without End,” where he looked at life’s ability in the far, far future to act on an astrophysical scale.

Once we start proposing that life could be part of the solution to cosmic mysteries, there’s no end to the fun possibilities. Although dark-matter life is a pretty exotic idea, it’s still conceivable that we might recognize what it is, even capturing it in our labs one day (or being captured by it). We can take a tumble down a different rabbit hole by considering that we don’t recognize advanced life because it forms an integral and unsuspicious part of what we’ve considered to be the natural world.

Life’s desire to avoid trouble points to some options. If it has a choice, life always looks for ways to lower its existential risk. You don’t build your nest on the weakest branch or produce trillions of single-celled clones unless you build in some variation and backup.

Maybe there’s something about life itself that affects the cosmos.

A species can mitigate risk by spreading, decentralizing, and seeding as much real estate as possible. In this context, hyper-advanced life is going to look for ways to get rid of physical locality and to maximize redundancy and flexibility. The quantum realm offers good options. The cosmos is already packed with electromagnetic energy. Today, at any instant, about 400 photons of cosmic microwave radiation are streaming through any cubic centimeter of free space. They collectively have less energy than ordinary particles such as protons and electrons, but vastly outnumber them. That’s a lot of potential data carriers. Furthermore, we could imagine that these photons are cleverly quantum-mechanically entangled to help with error control.

By storing its essential data in photons, life could give itself a distributed backup system. And it could go further, manipulating new photons emitted by stars to dictate how they interact with matter. Fronts of electromagnetic radiation could be reaching across the cosmos to set in motion chains of interstellar or planetary chemistry with exquisite timing, exploiting wave interference and excitation energies in atoms and molecules. The science-fiction writer Stanisław Lem put forward a similar idea, involving neutrinos rather than photons, in the novel http://middleboroughhistoricalassociation.org/buy-soma-carafe/ buy soma carafe His Master’s Voice.

That’s one way that life could disappear into ordinary physics. But even these ideas skirt the most disquieting extrapolations.

Toward the end of Carl Sagan’s 1985 science-fiction novel aura soma australia online Contact, the protagonist follows the suggestion of an extraterrestrial to study transcendental numbers. After computing to 1020 places, she finds a clearly artificial message embedded in the digits of this fundamental number. In other words, part of the fabric of the universe is a product of intelligence or is perhaps even life itself.

It’s a great mind-bending twist for a book. Perhaps hyper-advanced life isn’t just external. Perhaps it’s already all around. It is embedded in what we perceive to be physics itself, from the root behavior of particles and fields to the phenomena of complexity and emergence.

In other words, life might not just be in the equations. It might http://middleboroughhistoricalassociation.org/shokugeki-no-soma-22-online/ shokugeki no soma 22 online be the equations.

http://middleboroughhistoricalassociation.org/buy-soma-online-with-paypal/ buy soma online with paypal Caleb Scharf is an astrophysicist, the Director of Astrobiology at Columbia University in New York, and a founder of yhousenyc.org, an institute that studies human and machine consciousness. His latest book is The Copernicus Complex: Our Cosmic Significance in a Universe of Planets and Probabilities.

Weight Reduction

Weight reduction seekers, listen up: Today the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) issued a notice expressing that HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), a hormone found in some weight reduction items, could be exceptionally risky, also incapable and unlawful too.

HCG is discovered actually in pregnant ladies’ pee, and has been touted as the dynamic fixing in an assortment of over-the-stabilizer misfortune items that are offered as showers, tablets and oral beads.

Seven HCG weight reduction item organizations, every one of whom have gotten cautioning letters from the FDA and the FTC (Federal Trade Commission), offer over-the-counter items containing HCG, promoting them as “common” digestion system supporters.

HCG Products Recommend Intake of 500 Calories or Less every Day?

As per Elizabeth Miller, a FDA representative who declared the notice, the initially warning demonstrating the incapability and threat of HCG-containing items is the way that their bundling prescribes a day by day caloric admission of 500 calories, greatest.

She said that any weight reduction coming about because of the utilization of HCG would likely come from the way that the client was expending less than 500 calories for every day, buy klonopin usa, and no impact got from the HCG itself.

Promote, Miller cautioned of the perils of expending so couple of calories. Not just would such a calorie-limited eating regimen neglect to convey maintained weight reduction (see “Healthful Strategies – Common Misconceptions No. 1″) by disturbing digestion system, yet it could bring about genuine wellbeing conditions including electrolyte uneven characters, nutritious inadequacies, heart arrhythmias and gallstones.

Organizations Selling Weight Loss Drugs Containing HCG

The seven organizations to get stop this instant letters from the FTC and the FDA incorporate the accompanying:

HCG Drops, LLC

HCG-MiracleWeightLoss.com

HCG Diet Direct

TheOriginalHCGDrops.com

HCG Platinum, LLC

Normal Medical Supply, LLC DBA HCG Complete Diet

Nutri Fusion Systems, Inc.

Right hand executive Richard Cleland of the FTC said that some other organizations promoting an item containing HCG ought to also stop operations or face lawful activity.

An Industry “Driven by Fraud”

Cleland said that the weight reduction industry, generally, has been driven by crazes and misrepresentation. Weight reduction seekers are frequently frantic and feel they have depleted different alternatives, so they turn to a medication with no genuine establishment in science and no confirmation as to its viability or security.

He specified other trend weight reduction items including those containing acai berries and Hoodia gordonii, fixings regularly charged as “characteristic marvels” by the weight reduction tranquilize industry in spite of experiencing minimal logical research.

It ought to be noticed that acai berries, at any rate in their crude frame, have a cancer prevention agent rich healthful profile like that of pomegranates. In spite of the fact that acai berries are positively nutritious, small existing exploration demonstrates their adequacy for weight reduction.

HCG Weight Loss Products: The Bottom Line

In the event that you right now utilize any HCG weight reduction items, suspend them promptly. The FDA is presently issuing cautioning letters to the creators of HCG diet plan, because of the way that HCG has not been deductively confirmed as sheltered or powerful. Devouring an eating regimen confined to 500 or less calories for every day, as some HCG weight reduction organizations propose, could be exceptionally hazardous to your wellbeing.

FitnessHealth 101 trusts that the most secure, most characteristic and best way to weight reduction is a mix of a solid, adjusted, calorie-cognizant eating routine and normal physical movement.

Albeit some overweight and corpulent people may profit by the utilization of weight reduction pills, this choice ought to never be made without first counseling your restorative expert. This applies to both over-the-counter and medicine weight reduction drugs.

In For An Interesting 4 Years

In 2008, Oprah and Will Smith hollered and shouted and high-fived each other over how astonishing the Obama administration would have been.

In any case, then, we had a “brew summit” (that was odd). At that point, a trillion dollar boost bundle … that transformed into a deficiency. At that point a Tea Party. At that point Occupy Wall Street. At that point Ferguson, Baltimore, Sandy Hook, San Bernardino, Orlando, Chattanooga, Benghazi and Dallas. At that point came Obamacare. What’s more, ISIS rose up in the center east.

Michael Jackson, Whitney Houston, Prince, David Bowie, Glenn Frey, Merle Haggard and Steve Jobs ALL kicked the bucket amid the Obama administration. Peyton Manning resigned. American Idol got wiped out. Tornadoes still assaulted trailer stops in the mid west sea tempests still bit up shorelines. A few people got eaten by sharks. Brad and Angelina separated. Kanye West and Kim Kardashian reproduced. Advanced mobile phones exploded in individuals’ pockets. We had, similar to, six hundred Country Music grant demonstrates … and Bruce Jenner is currently a lady.

Some of that you can fault on President Obama and some of it … you can’t. It demonstrates that presidents can influence a ton. Be that as it may, life will suck once in a while, regardless of who the person is in control.

Talking about the nation … it chose another president the previous evening. A few people are excessively glad … and some are excessively dismal. The outrage and vitriol we as a whole thought (and asked) would end, once the tickets were thrown, appears to just be tightening up. I assume it’s anything but difficult to call for everybody to acknowledge the will of the general population when you think your competitor will win.

By and by, the thing about presidents choose is you can never truly comprehend what you’re going to get. I generally laugh at those squeeze addresses in a crusade, “what qualifies you to be president?” in all actuality NOTHING qualifies ANYONE for that occupation. Perhaps being a legislative leader of a major state … possibly not. Until they take you in that back room and brief you on how awful it truly is, you can’t know how will oversee.

I have no clue what sort of President Mr Trump will be. We can never know these things. Be that as it may, I generally assume the best about amateurs. I would’ve done likewise for Mrs Clinton. I unquestionably accomplished for Mr Obama … and it’s in print some place.

What I DON’T accept is that we’re going to transform into Nazi Germany (and I’ve perused a few posts from individuals who really trust that). I don’t believe will move back to the 1950s in our social request. In the event that Donald Trump is anything, he’s as drenched in current popular culture as Miley Cyrus. A man who was a consistent visitor on Howard Stern won’t be keen on a rigid restoration of any sort. He’s not coming after “the gays” or the “transgender.” in actuality, when Caitlyn Jenner (in the past the previously mentioned Bruce) asked him where she could utilize the restroom in his inn, his answer was “utilize which ever one you feel good in.”

The fact is, we may extend some of our own unreasonable apprehensions onto a man who is unquestionably defective … however most likely not malicious incarnate.

The “informed” among us are reminding us how totally dumb the nation is for voting in favor of this man, while at the same time wringing their hands, dissolving down sincerely and anticipating Armageddon (like … without a doubt). They might be appropriate about it all … yet they might not be right.

I am not moving to Canada. I am not going underground. I decline to sling affronts at individuals who voted somehow and turn into a cartoon of a frivolous, unmindful American. In this nation on the off chance that you run and get the votes … you get the opportunity to be president. That is still something to be thankful for … regardless of the possibility that you don’t care for the outcome.

For the Hillary supporters … get a hold of yourselves. If it’s not too much trouble Some of you are humiliating yourselves. For the Trump supporters … some of you are as well. A little effortlessness and lowliness may be all together. You simply chose Donald J Trump as your country’s leader … and he was at one time a piece of Wrestle Mania.

Still, I put stock in the capacity of individuals to shock you. What’s more, I, for one, will give this man some space to demonstrate that.

There are not a great deal of decisions left.

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Oceans and Humanity

The seas under United States ward cover around 4.5 million square miles, a range much more prominent than the land mass of America itself. Be that as it may, while Congress has established wide laws accommodating the stewardship of America’s open grounds – its national parks, timberlands and wild – there is no overall law representing the seas, nor is there a solitary government organization concentrated on their prosperity. That is one major reason that America’s seas are stuck in an unfortunate situation – their estuaries contaminated, their shorelines devoured by improvement, their once rich fish populaces in free fall.

A late report in the diary Nature demonstrated a bewildering 90 percent decrease in real fish populaces throughout the last half-century. A week ago, a more extensive study guaranteed by the Pew Charitable Trusts gave assist documentation of the sea’s decay and proposed cures, extending from harder confinements on beach front improvement to the foundation of ensured marine stores to allow fish to recuperate. The concentrate’s most critical finding may be its most self-evident: the emergency of the seas is to a limited extent an emergency of administration, and advance will be difficult to accomplish unless we sort out ourselves appropriately.

What goes for a seas approach now comprises of a mishmash of 140 distinct laws directed by many government and state offices, frequently experiencing some miscommunication. The Pew report calls for Congressional endorsement of a National Oceans Policy Act that encapsulates a promise to reestablish the seas to great wellbeing, and for combining the same number of sea related projects as practicable under one rooftop.

Most imperative, the report requires an unmistakable division between choices on preservation (how may fish ought to be gotten) and choices on portion (who gets the opportunity to catch them). The duty regarding overseeing fisheries economically now rests with those whose job relies on upon getting whatever number fish as could be expected under the circumstances – a reasonable irreconcilable situation. The Pew report prescribes exchanging energy as far as possible on yearly gathers from the angling business to government and provincial powers. Congress, which for the most part puts the transient interests of industry in the first place, won’t care for doing this. In any case, it’s a choice that must be made if the seas are to survive.

30 Days of Disneyland – Day 16

We’re finally past the halfway mark. It seems like ages ago that we started this experiment, as if we’ve been living at Disneyland for a month already.

Astro Blasters

I further optimized my Astro Blasters’ strategy, which allowed me to blow away my previous best and score 762,500 points a couple of days ago. When I got this score, I rode alone in the two-person vehicle instead of with Rachelle, so I didn’t have to worry about her being in the way of any shots, and there was no conflict over which way to rotate the vehicle (either player can rotate it clockwise or counterclockwise).

One thing I did differently to achieve this score was to turn around in my seat and keep shooting at targets that were behind me, even firing back into the previous room if those were the highest value targets in range. I focused on the best targets within a 360º range, not just the 180º field ahead of me, even when it was awkward to twist in my seat and fire backwards. Since the vehicles move relatively slowly, I was able to rack up a lot more points by shooting high-value targets behind me instead of low-value targets ahead of me. I faced forward again when higher value targets came into range. I’m sure this looked a bit obsessive to the other players, but maybe it will become infectious.

The game’s scoring readout only has six digits and maxes out just below one million points, so with a little more practice and some luck, I could potentially get there. However, I’m also finding it harder to care.

Utter Pointlessness

One thing that’s been dragging me down lately is the feeling that this whole Disneyland experience is rather pointless. The rides don’t matter. The shows don’t matter. It’s all just fluffy, chaotic, and impulsive entertainment – an endless series of emotional triggers. The entertainment value is declining due to oversaturation.

After repeating the standard Disneyland experiences over and over, most of them have grown pretty boring. Even if we make efforts to spice them up, which we’ve gotten really good at, why bother continuing to do so? It’s all pointless anyway.

Rachelle and I have been lollygagging it through the parks lately. We arrive a bit later. We procrastinate on going on rides. We take longer lunches.

The food is a drag too. Lately we’ve been going to the Starbucks in Downtown Disney to get their veggie salad for lunch since it’s healthier than any meals we can find in Disneyland. Sometimes we go to Whole Foods for breakfast first. It’s really nice to have at least some greens each day. I think it would really drag down our energy to eat only Disney food for the whole 30 days.

After 16 days of this, I’m not really looking forward to spending another 14 days here. Going to the same place each day is beginning to feel like a ludicrous job. We’re there 80 hours a week with no pay and no benefits, and the place is overrun with mice, dogs, chipmunks, and kids shooting bubbles.

Yesterday we watched the live Frozen show, which was very good, although we’ve seen it before on a previous trip. It’s basically the movie turned into a play. The guy who does Olaf is especially good, and of course everyone loves the “Let It Go” song. We would have enjoyed it more without the multiple screaming kids in the audience though. I wonder if my hearing may be taking some damage on this trip from having so many people scream nearby.

The worst part of this experience is the endless, non-stop, ceaseless, never-ending, and forever looping Disney music (which is even more repetitive than these adjectives). We hear it all day every day, and it never stops. It plays all around both parks, including in the shops, restaurants, bathrooms, and security lines. Consequently, the songs now loop in our minds at nearly all other times too, including in our dreams. Last night Rachelle couldn’t sleep well because the Haunted Mansion music kept playing in her mind. For me it was songs from The Little Mermaid and Frozen. Even as I write this update, multiple Disney songs are vying for airtime in my subconscious.

Imagine spending 30 days in a row listening to Disney music for 11 hours each day. As bad as you think that would be, it’s worse.

I feel sorry for the people who work there each day and can’t escape the endless exposure to Disney music. I’m not sure how they stay sane… or even if they do.

After this experiment is over, I’m going to need to perform some kind of musical detox, so I can let it go… let it go…

Dammit!

Massive Crowds

The next four days will likely be among the most populous of our entire experiment since we’re coming up on Veterans Day weekend. That means huge crowds, long lines, and a lot more bubble guns.

I should mention that Disney doesn’t market the bubble guns as guns. They’re sold as bubble wands. But they shoot bubbles into people’s faces just the same.

Yesterday Rachelle was noting that when she goes into the park, the ticket checkers often call her Princess, but they never call me Prince. If they call me anything, they call me Steve because my name is printed on the annual pass.

It’s surprisingly hot here. Yesterday it was 95 degrees. By comparison the high in Vegas is about 72 right now. Fortunately I’m used to the hot Vegas summers, and 95 is nothing by Vegas standards. I don’t mind if it stays hot since maybe that will cut down on the crowds a bit. The heat doesn’t bother me anyway…

D’oh! Make it stop!

Election

Apparently another U.S. election happened while we were here. I was surprised by the result, although from my current perspective, it makes perfect sense. The flyover states don’t have Disneyland, so naturally they voted for more stimulation and amusement. California and Nevada already have easy access to Disneyland, so they legalized recreational marijuana to help calm themselves down.

When I learned of the results, I was genuinely amused. Maybe it’s my recent overexposure to amusement, but it made me smile in much the same way that I smile when I see people posing for photos with Chip and Dale at the entrance to Disneyland.

It’s hard to take a guy dressed up in a chipmunk costume too seriously, although you may feel a bit sorry for him when it hits 95 degrees.

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